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MLA7 [OLD] Citation Guide: Citing Online Sources (7th ed.)

This style guide will help you cite the most common types of materials required in research projects and papers. - Guide by Eliza Selander. Direct comments to

Identifying Parts of the Citation

Not sure what each part of the citation represents? Hover over the area that you are unsure of, and a description will pop up as demonstrated below.

 example screenshot


 Gronbach, Kenneth W.  “Case Study: How Generation X Drove Motorcycle Sales off the Cliff.”  The Age Curve:  How to Profit from the Coming Demographic Storm New York:  AMACOM, 2008. 55-58.  Safari Books Online Web.  22 May 2009.


Klein, Jeffrey.  “Advances in Biotechnology Could Be Abused.”  Genetic Engineering Ed. James D. Torr.  San Diego:  Greenhaven, 2001.  Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center Web.  5 Jan. 2005.


Roberts, Adam Charles.  “Defining Science Fiction.”  Science Fiction New York: Routledge, 2000.  1-46.  Google Book Search Web.  22 May 2009.


Magazine Articles (Online)

Barone, Michael.  “Politics of the Possible.”  U.S. News & World Report  19 March 2001: 29.   Academic Search Complete.  Web.  18 June 2008.

Journal Articles (Online)

Menesini, Ersilia, Elena Melan, and Barbara Pignatti.  “Interactional Styles of Bullies and Victims Observed in a Competitive and a Cooperative Setting.”  Journal of Genetic Psychology 161.3 (2000): 261+.  Academic Search Complete Web.  18 June 2008.

Newspaper Articles (Online)

Henneberger, Melinda.  “Author Reveals Much about Others and Little of Herself.”  New York Times  6 Dec. 1999, East Coast late ed.: A16.  ProQuest Web.  14 May 2009.

Otterman, Sharon.  “Flu Spreads, but Some Countries Ease Measures.”  New York Times.  New York Times, 22 May 2009.  Web.  22 May 2009.




“About Malaria.”  Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute.  Johns Hopkins University, 2011.  Web.  1 Nov. 2011.


Franklin, Curt.  “How Cable Modems Work.”  HowStuffWorks HowStuffWorks, 2009.  Web.  8 July 2009.





Encyclopedias (Online)


Newton, David.  "Asthma." The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine. Ed. Laurie J. Fundukian. 3rd ed. Vol. 1. Detroit: Gale, 2009.  Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 2 Mar. 2010.


“Salsa.”  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online.  Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2009.  Web.  22 May 2009.