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ENG 125: Literature Criticism (AL): Citing Sources

Guide by Katie Hoskins. Please direct any comments to

Citation Style: MLA, 8th edition

MLA, 8th ed. (2016)

Many of the article databases that NOVA subscribes to, such as Proquest and Ebsco's Academic Search Complete, will provide citations. These citations should be carefully checked for accuracy. Here's a citation example for a journal article from a library database:

At the end of your paper (Works Cited list):

     Shannon, Sandra G. “Framing African American Cultural Identity: The Bookends Plays in  August Wilson's 10-Play 

‚Äč             Cycle.” College Literature, vol. 36, no. 2, 2009, pp. 26–39. JSTOR,

In-text citation:

Use the first piece of information from the Works Cited citation, usually the author's last name (if no author, use the article title) and page number (if available):

      (Shannon 32)

You can also ask a librarian for help, or, for more information and examples, consult the website listed below:

Why Cite Sources?

It is important to cite the sources you use for research in order to:

  • give credit to the author.
  • make it easy for the person reading or listening to your presentation to find the sources you used.
  • make your paper or presentation look strong -- a list of strong, credible sources will impress your audience and teacher.
  • avoid plagiarism.

Plagiarism Resources

The following websites may help you better understand and avoid plagiarism.  Remember that there are serious consequences for plagiarizing.

Video: Citation, A (Very) Brief Introduction

From North Carolina State University: