Skip to main content

Nursing: Websites

Guide to nursing research and resources at NOVA. Direct comments to

Evaluating Health Information

How to Evaluate Websites - Quick Tips


Evaluate websites that have information you would like to use in your assignments. 

Look on each website for an "About Us" page to answer some of the following questions:

  • Who is the author?        
  • What are his/her qualifications?
  • Why was the website created?
  • When was it last updated?
  • How reliable is the information?

Learn More About How to Evaluate Websites

Better Googling

Google logo with checkmark

("handwashing" OR "hand disinfection") AND "cross infection"

174,000 results



Google logo with X mark

How does handwashing effect cross infection?

3,150,000 results

Here's how to craft a better search to get fewer and more relevant results:

  • Identify the main ideas in your research question.
          How does handwashing effect cross infection?

  • Connect the main ideas with AND.
          handwashing AND cross infection

  • Use quotation marks around 2 or more words that need to be together.
          handwashing AND "cross infection"

  • Use OR between synonyms/related terms.
          (handwashing OR "hand disinfection") AND "cross infection"

  • Limit your search to a specific domain, such as .edu, .gov, or .org.
          (handwashing OR "hand disinfection") AND "cross infection"

More information on advanced Google searching and Google Scholar.

Wikipedia and Academic Research


How Wikipedia CAN be useful in the beginning stages of research:

Check mark A basic overview of your topic.
Check mark Important names, vocabulary and keywords related to your topic.
Check mark Table of contents for some entries, helping you to understand how your topic can be organized.
Check mark

References and other websites that may be helpful (though you will need to evaluate them to be sure).

Why NOT to use Wikipedia for academic research:

X  The accuracy and authority of a Wikipedia article cannot be verified.