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Citing Media: MLA (7th ed.) - Online Video, Podcasts, & Social Media

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Online Video (including YouTube) & Podcasts

MLA treats these types of resources as Nonperiodical Web Publications.


Author/editor/producer last name, first name (if available). "Title of work." Title of website. Publisher or sponsor of website (N.p.if not available), Date published. Web. Date you accessed the video. <URL (optional)>.

AsapScience. "What If You Stopped Sleeping?" YouTube. Google Inc., 

         22 Sept. 2013. Web. 25 Sept. 2013. <>.

"Eyewitness describes Kenyan mall tragedy." Cable News 

         Network, 23 Sept. 2014. Web. 25 Sept. 2013.

"Gun Rights and Starbucks; Library Awards; Miss Manners." The Brian 

         Lehrer Show. WNYC Radio, 19 Sept. 2013. Web. 25 Sept. 2013.



Author's last name, first name. "Subject Line." Message to the person to whom it was sent. Date sent. E-mail.

Jones, Rachel. "Re: Views on Post-Recession Economy." Message to Robert

          Ross. 18 Sept. 2013. E-mail.

Twitter & Facebook



User's last name, first name (Twitter username). "Tweet." Date of posting, time of posting. Tweet.

Angelou, Maya (DrMayaAngelou). "I’ve learned that whenever I decide 

          something with an open heart, I usually make the right decision." 

          6 June 2013, 1:45 p.m. Tweet.



MLA has yet to publish guidelines for citing social networking sites. We would suggest following the format given for citing an entire web site, but use the display name first, with the real name in brackets if known.


Author, editor, compiler name last name, first name (if available) (Facebook display name if different from name). Facebook. Web. Date of access. <URL (optional)>.

 American Humane Association. Facebook. Web. 24 Sept. 2013.


President Bill Clinton [Bill Clinton]. Facebook. Web. 24 Sept. 2013.

Blogs, Discussion Groups, & Listservs


Author, editor, compiler, or screen name (if available). "Posting Title." Name of Site. Name of organization affiliated with the site (when applicable), posting date. Web. Date of access.<URL (optional)>.

Beavan, Colin. "Is Progress Good or Bad?" No Impact Man. 21 July 2011. 

         Web. 24 Sept. 2013.

Granny21. "The Best Knitting Yarn." Knitting & Crocheting Message Board

          HGTV, 5 May 2012. Web. 24 Sept. 2013.