Skip to main content

PSY 211: Research Methodology/Behavioral Sci. (WO): Citing APA

Reference List

Reference List (at the end of your paper)

The references page lists all of the sources you used.

APA Reference Page

In-Text Citations

In-Text Citations (within the paper)

In-text citations tell your professor which source you used at a specific point in the paper.  Here are 4 ways to cite in-text:

Page numbers are optional when paraphrasing/summarizing.

1. Author's Name in Parentheses

In a key 1922 case, Zucht v. King, the Supreme Court upheld states’ right to require vaccinations for children attending public schools (Matlesky, 2018).

2. Author's Name in the Sentence

Chidike and Buckland (2018) argue that vaccinations cause Austim and other developmental disorders. 

Direct Quotes

Page numbers are required for direct quotes.

3. Author's Name in Parentheses

The study also found that Autism is a "developmental disorder that is present at birth, and symptoms develop during the early childhood years" (Bekri, 2015, p. 348).

4. Author's Name in the Sentence

Fumnaya (2018) states  "society has the right to protect itself against an epidemic that threatens the safety of its members" (p. 33).