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MLA Citation Style Guide: Print Sources (8th ed.)

Books (A Whole Book)

BOOKS: 1 Author

Author LastName, FirstName. Title of Book: Subtitle. Publisher, Year.

EDITION: If an edition number is given, list it after the title (See 2nd example below).

Green, David. Lady in Gold: The Extraordinary Tale of Klimt’s Masterpiece. Greenhaven, 2017.

Gerdes, Charles R., editor. Endangered Oceans. 3rd ed., Greenhaven, 2017.

Poe, Edgar Allan. The Fall of the House of Usher. Edited by Margaret Smith, Oxford University Press, 2017.

BOOKS: 2 Authors

Author1 LastName, FirstName, and Author2 FirstName LastName. Title of Book: Subtitle. Publisher, Year.

EDITION: If an edition number is given, list it after the title (See 2nd example below).

Krupp, Fred, and Bianca Diaz. Saving Earth: The Race to Reinvent Energy. W.W. Norton, 2017.

Anderson, Hilary and Jess Matlesky, editors. Criminal Justice. 5th ed., Greenhaven, 2017.

BOOKS: 3+ Authors

Author1 LastName, FirstName, et al. Title of Book: Subtitle. Publisher, Year.

EDITION: If an edition number is given, list it after the title (See 2nd example below).

Groebner, David F., et al. Business Statistics: A Decision-Making Approach. Gale, 2017.

McCormick, Patricia, et al., editors. Sold: Human Trafficking. Updated ed., Harper Collins, 2017.

Part of a Book (Chapter or Encyclopedia Entry)

BOOKS: Chapter in an Edited Book

*** Only use this format if every chapter in the book is written by a different person! ***
In other words, this is only for books that are collections of chapters by different authors.

Chapter Author LastName, FirstName. "Title of Chapter." Title of Book: Subtitle, edited by Editor FirstName LastName, Publisher, Year, pp. Page Range.

EDITION: If an edition number is given, list it after the title (See 2nd example below).

Fisher, Richard. “Smartphones are Transforming Daily Life.” Smartphones, edited by Roman Espejo, Gale, 2015, pp. 21-30.

Morrison, Jago. “Unease in Ian McEwan’s Fiction.” Critical Essays on Ian McEwan, edited by Matt Kaplan and Steve Vaughn, 2nd ed., Gale, 2015. pp. 212-20.

BOOKS: Encyclopedia

 

Entry Author LastName, FirstName. "Title of Entry." Title of Book: Subtitle, edited by Editor FirstName LastName, Publisher, Year, pp. Page Range.

AUTHOR: Most encyclopedias do not list an author for every entry. If no author is given, skip and start with entry title (See 2nd example below).

EDITION/VOLUME: If edition or volume numbers are given, list them after the title (See 1st example below).

PAGE RANGE: If the entry spans more than one page, use pp. If it is all on one page, use p.

Burns, Peter. "Alchemy." Religion Past and Present: Encyclopedia of Theology and Religion, edited by Samuel Sebastian, 3rd ed., vol. 4, Greenhaven, 2015, pp. 270-3.

"van Gogh, Vincent." Janson's Art Encyclopedia, edited by Edward Price, Oxford University Press, 2015, p. 31.

A Handout from Class

Author. "Handout Title." College, Date. Class handout.

Grooms, Russell. "MLA Citation." Northern Virginia Community College, Oct. 2017. Class handout.

Identifying Parts of the Citation

Not sure what each part of the citation represents? Hover over the area that you are unsure of, and a description will pop up as demonstrated below.

 Example screenshot

Basic Elements

All citations should include these elements.

MLA 8 Elements

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