When you use information from a source, such as a book or a website, you need to cite your source. This mean that you provide basic information about the source, including the author, the title of the source, and when it was published.
There are rules for how to provide this information. These rules tell you what order, what punctuation to use, and what should be capitalized. Most English and ESL classes use rules from the Modern Language Association (MLA). This is called MLA style.
Below are examples for how to cite encyclopedias and websites in MLA style.
Gurbani, Barkha. “India.” Encyclopedia of Global Health. Ed. Yawei Zhang. Vol. 2. Los
Angeles: Sage Publications, 2008. Print.
Hopper, Kim. “Homelessness.” World Book Encyclopedia. 2002 ed. Print.
Newton, David. "Asthma." The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine. Ed. Laurie J.
Fundukian. 3rd ed. Vol. 1. Detroit: Gale, 2009. Gale Virtual Reference Library.
Web. 2 Mar. 2010.
“About Malaria.” Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute. Johns Hopkins
University, 2011. Web. 1 Nov. 2011.
Franklin, Curt. “How Cable Modems Work.” How Stuff Works. 2009. Web. 8 July 2009.
Citing your sources means listing the sources (books, websites, articles) you used for your research.
Why to Cite:
When to Cite:
You should cite a source if you reproduce, quote, paraphrase, or summarize ideas created by others. When in doubt, cite!
Plagiarism Has Consequences:
Plagiarism may not seem like a big deal, but there can be some severe and/or long lasting effects:
The following websites may help you better understand and avoid plagiarism. Remember that there are serious consequences for plagiarizing.