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Citing Media

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For individual research help, schedule an appointment to meet with a librarian.

Why Cite?

1) Readers of your paper or research should be able to find where you got your information, even if your information came from online videos, podcasts, or social media. If you use or refer to images, sound, or music, your readers should be able to find those sources. By citing your sources, you give your readers a chance to utilize those same resources out of interest, or even to check your facts.

All citation styles, e.g. MLA and APA, try to include all the information needed for someone to track down that source.

2) You need to give credit to the creators/authors of the information you use. This is key to academic integrity and to avoid plagiarism.

Citing Media in MLA & APA

Once you get the hang of it, citing your sources will be the easiest part of completing your research papers and assignments. However, citing unusual sources like multimedia and different types of social media can sometimes be tricky. One reason is that as these new types of media have been created so quickly, the style guidelines are just starting to catch up.

This guide is intended to help you cite these types of sources in both MLA (Modern Language Association) and APA (American Psychological Association) styles. Use the tabs above to navigate by citation style and source type.

The guides listed in the box on the right will help you cite the more common sources, like books and journals (both in print and electronic), websites, etc.

Still need help?

You can get instant help with your research 24/7 via NOVA Libraries' LRCLive online chat service. This is accessible through the library homepage,

You can email NOVA Libraries via or call any of our branch libraries.

Citation Guides

NOVA Libraries Citation Guides:

You can also take a look at the following sites for more help: