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LGL 125: Legal Research (AL): Validating

Direct comments to

Why Validate?

Validate (Shepardize) to:

  • Determine if the case is still good law
  • Find newer cases that have cited your case

Shepard's Signals

Shepard's Signals (excerpted from LexisNexis)

The Shepard's Signal Marker indicates the standing of your case as treated by other cases.

Negative treatment indicated-Warning: Negative treatment is indicated
Questioned Analysis-Questioned: Validity is questioned by citing references
Caution: Possible negative treatment-Caution: Possible negative treatment
Positive treatment indicated-Positive treatment is indicated
Citing references with analysis available-Citing references with analysis is available
Citation information available-Citation information is available

Shepard's Citations: By Case Number

If you have a case number:

  • On the LexisNexis home page, select Search by Content Type.
  • Select Shepard's Citations.
  • Type in your citation.

shepard's citations link

Shepard's Citations: Viewing a Case

If you are viewing a case, you can Shepardize by either:

  • selecting the Shepard's signal on the upper left side, or
  • in the Next Steps dropdown on the upper right side, select Shepardize.

 lexisnexis screen