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Plagiarism: Citing Sources

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In-Text vs Works Cited/Reference List

Students often get confused about the two types of citations.

The first type are in-text citations (also called parenthetical citations), which appear throughout your paper at the end of sentences that you are citing.  These usually include the authors, date of publication (APA only) and page number being cited.  The format will differ for APA and MLA.  An example in MLA format:

Ernest Hemingway wrote all of his novels and stories while standing (Grooms 27).

The second type of citation is the works cited (MLA) or reference list (APA).  This is a list of all sources used in your research and appears at the end of your paper.  Examples are provided in the links in the box to the right.