Skip to Main Content

ART 101: History of Art: Prehistoric to Gothic (Weber-Loudoun)

This guide has been created to help you find books, articles, videos, and other types of resources related to this program of study. Direct comments to Julie Combs,

Need Help?


For individual research help, schedule an appointment to meet with a librarian.


How To...Identify Scholarly Information

In college classes, you may be required to use scholarly information.  Sources of information can range from being not scholarly, to very scholarly, to somewhere in the middle.  Each source will go somewhere on this Scale of Scholarliness:

0 |------------------------------------------------5-----------------------------------------------| 10

Least Scholarly                                              Mid-level                                               Most Scholarly
     Ex.:  children's books                                         Ex.: magazine & newspaper articles                          Ex.: academic journal articles

Where on the Scale of Scholarliness does your source fall?
To make your determination, consider the six things listed below.  Click on each box to learn more.

Author Credentials Audience purpose
Publisher Editing/Review References

All images are in the public domain or under Creative Commons licenses. 

Characteristics of Scholarly and Popular Sources

Scholarly Sources
Popular Sources
Experts, researchers
Reporters, journalists, professionals, company employees, or anyone
Written for:
Other experts and researchers
Written for:
Regular people
University, academic press, sometimes government
Newspaper, magazine,non-academic publisher or website
Advanced, technical, scholarly
General language
To report research findings, build on the academic literature
To inform, entertain, convince, market, or sell
Reviewed by other experts (peer review)
Basic editing
Yes; look for footnotes or a list of sources at the end of the article.
Not usually, though studies or other sources may be mentioned

Video: Evaluating Sources for Credibility

This video, from North Carolina State University, discusses using some of the ideas on this page to evaluate the credibility of a source.