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Citing Literary Works

Works Cited (Short Stories)

Short Story from a Book (like your textbook)

(1) Author. Gilman, Charlotte Perkins.
(2) "Title of Source." "The Yellow Wallpaper."
(3) Title of Container, Making Literature Matter: An Anthology for Readers and Writers,
(4) Other contributors, edited by John Schilb and John Clifford,
(5) Version, 7th ed.,
(6) Number,
(7) Publisher, Bedford/St. Martin's,
(8) Publication date, 2020,
(9) Location. pp. 197-211.

Putting it all together:

Gilman, Charlotte Perkins. "The Yellow Wallpaper." Making Literature Matter: An Anthology for Readers and Writers, edited by John Schilb and John Clifford, 7th ed., Bedford/St. Martin's, 2020, pp. 197-211.


Short Story from a Website

(1) Author. Gilman, Charlotte Perkins.
(2) "Title of Source." "The Yellow Wallpaper."
(3) Title of Container, AmericanLiterature.com,
(4) Other contributors,
(5) Version,
(6) Number,
(7) Publisher,
(8) Publication date, 2020,
(9) Location. americanliterature.com/author/charlotte-perkins-gilman/short-story/the-yellow-wallpaper.

Putting it all together:

Gilman, Charlotte Perkins. "The Yellow Wallpaper." AmericanLiterature.com, 2020, americanliterature.com/author/charlotte-perkins-gilman/short-story/the-yellow-wallpaper.


Short Story Your Professor Posted on Canvas

(1) Author. Gilman, Charlotte Perkins.
(2) "Title of Source." "The Yellow Wallpaper."
(3) Title of Container, Canvas,
(4) Other contributors, uploaded by LeeAnn Thomas,
(5) Version,
(6) Number,
(7) Publisher,
(8) Publication date, 10 Oct. 2020,
(9) Location. learn.vccs.edu.

Putting it all together:

Gilman, Charlotte Perkins. "The Yellow Wallpaper." Canvas, uploaded by LeeAnn Thomas, 10 Oct. 2020, learn.vccs.edu.


Essays

Essays are treated like short stories.  Here are examples of the same essay published three different ways following the examples above.

  • Essay from a Book

Lorde, Audre. "The Uses of Anger: Women Responding to Racism." Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. edited by Patricia Hill Collins, 3rd ed., Routledge, 2020, pp. 127-138.

  • Essay from a Website

Lorde, Audre. "The Uses of Anger: Women Responding to Racism." BlackPast, 2020, www.blackpast.org/african-american-history/1981-audre-lorde-uses-anger.

  • Essay from a Magazine or Journal

Lorde, Audre. "The Uses of Anger: Women Responding to Racism." Women's Studies Quarterly, vol. 9, no. 3, 1981, pp. 7-10. Academic Search Complete.

  • Essay Your Professor Posted on Canvas

Lorde, Audre. "The Uses of Anger: Women Responding to Racism." Canvas, uploaded by LeeAnn Thomas, 10 Oct. 2020, learn.vccs.edu.

In-Text (Short Stories)

Novels and short stories are easy to cite in-text, because authors and page numbers are almost always given.  Most in-text citations for novels and short stories will look like this (Baldwin 27).

There are two ways to format quotes:

Brief Quotes Block Quotes
Length of Your Quote
  • 4 or fewer lines
  • 5 or more lines
How to Use Run brief quotes into the body of your paper and use in-text citations.

Use block quotes only when absolutely necessary, and be sure to provide extensive analysis if you do.

Write a sentence to introduce the block quote, and end the sentence with a colon instead of a period.

Indent 1/2" on the left margin.

Add an in-text citation at the end of the block quote, after the final punctuation.

Original

During the whole of a dull, dark, and soundless day in the autumn of the year, when the clouds hung oppressively low in the heavens, I had been passing alone, on horseback, through a singularly dreary tract of country; and at length found myself, as the shades of the evening drew on, within view of the melancholy House of Usher. I know not how it was; but, with the first glimpse of the building, a sense of insufferable gloom pervaded my spirit.

Brief Quote

As the narrator rides "on horseback, through a singularly dreary tract of country", he feels an increase sense of foreboding, and when he reaches his destination, the first glimpse of the "melancholy House of Usher" fills him with "a sense of insufferable gloom" (Poe 9).

Block Quote

The Fall of the House of Usher opens with dark foreshadowing:

During the whole of a dull, dark, and soundless day in the autumn of the year, when the clouds hung oppressively low in the heavens, I had been passing alone, on horseback, through a singularly dreary tract of country; and at length found myself, as the shades of the evening drew on, within view of the melancholy House of Usher. I know not how it was; but, with the first glimpse of the building, a sense of insufferable gloom pervaded my spirit. (Poe 9)