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APA 7 Citation Style Guide

This style guide will help you cite the most common types of materials required in research projects and papers according to APA 7th edition. - Direct comments to

Citing Books



Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Book title: Subtitle. Publisher name. Digital Object Identifier* (DOI) (format is, if available

(Last Name, Year)

(Last Name & Last Name, Year)

(Last Name, et al., Year) - 3 or more authors
Book– one author, with DOI*, from  database or print Albright, A. C. (2019). How to land: Finding ground in an unstable world. Oxford University Press.

(Albright, 2019)

(Albright, 2019, p. 151)

Book – No DOI*, 2 to 20 authors**, not 1st edition, from database or print Brodnik, M. S., Rhinehart-Thompson, L. A., & Reynolds, R. B. (2017). Fundamentals of law for health informatics and information management (3rd ed.). AHIMA Press.

(Brodnik et al., 2017)

(Brodnik et al., 2017, pp. 171-172)
Edited book – No DOI*, from database or print Servitje, L., & Vint, S. (Eds.). (2016). The walking med: Zombies and the medical image. The Pennsylvania State University Press.

(Servitje & Vint, 2016)

(Servitje & Vint, 2016, Fig. 4.2)
Article/chapter/entry in edited book, with DOI* from database or print Wroolie, T., & Holcomb, M. (2010). Menopause. In Levin, B. L., & Becker, M. A. (Eds.). A public health perspective of women’s mental health (pp. 143-164). Springer. 

(Wroolie & Holcomb, 2010)

(Wroolie & Holcomb, 2010, p. 158)
Book freely available online – No DOI*, not in a research database Cook, C. C. H. (2019). Hearing voices demonic and divine: Scientific and theological perspectives. Routledge.

(Cook, 2019)

(Cook, 2019, p. 102)

Diagnostic Manuals (DSM)

Note: When author and publisher are same, omit the publisher as source element
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.).

Initial in-text citation:

(5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association)

Subsequent Citations:

(American Psychiatric Association, 2013)

*DOI: Digital Object Identifier - a unique alphanumeric combination, providing a persistent link to online items – e.g.,

** For 21 or more authors, list the 1st through 19th authors in the reference, followed by an ellipsis (…), then the last author.