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How To...Identify Scholarly Information

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For individual research help, schedule an appointment to meet with a librarian.


References can be:

Most scholarly - extensive list of scholarly sources

Mid-level - list of credible/reliable sources; sources mentioned in the text

Low-level - no references

References Scale

For a source you're considering: Where do the references fall on a scale of 0 to 10?

0 to 10 scale


Find References

Where to look for references:

Books:  At the end of chapters, in footnotes, or at the end of the book.

Articles: At the end of the article, or mentioned within the article

Websites: At the end of the webpage, or mentioned within the webpage.


In addition to looking for a list of references, look at the references themselves:

- are the references scholarly sources?

- are the references up-to-date?  (does that matter for your topic?)