Start by selecting a topic that:
Meets assignment requirements.
Is relevant to you.
This video will help you select a manageable research topic.
Narrow your interest and decide what question your paper will answer. It seems counterintuitive, but a narrow topic is actually easier to research than a broad one. These strategies will help:
How will wide use of electric cars impact climate change?
Let's start with a very broad topic: Technology
First, turn it into a question: How does technology affect society?
This is a good start, but the question is still broad. Try using the 5 Ws!
You won't always address all of the five Ws, but using a few will help narrow your focus.
By answering these questions, you can decide among a few possible research questions:
Once you answer the 5 Ws, we can finally put together a great research question, but make sure that it passes this final test.
A good research question is...
Only answer one main research question in your paper. It seems counterintuitive, but a narrow topic is actually easier to research than a broad one. Instead of mentioning many ideas briefly, focus on just a few points and develop them well.
Consider the assignment an opportunity to learn more about something that interests you. Research is easier and more enjoyable when you pick a topic that interests you.
Good research tackles new, unusual topics. Instead of "marijuana legalization", try "How should states use tax revenue generated by legalized marijuana?"
As you begin searching, you may find that your research question is too broad or narrow. Research is a process and sometimes you have to change your original question.
How is the rising cost of college education impacting the U.S. economy?
"Economy" is a bit vague, and we can narrow the focus to one aspect of the economy, like homeownership.
How is the rising cost of college education impacting homeownership among young adults?